Each fiscal period, the United States opens up around 140,000 visas for employment purposes. While this may seem like a lot, it is highly competitive to secure visas.
The U.S. Department of State explains that it awards visas based on preference categories. Ideally, your best shot at getting one is to make sure you fall into the first preference category for employment visas.
The first preference group is for high-priority workers or people with extraordinary abilities. Within the category, there are three subgroups.
Professors and researchers
Professors and researchers who are outstanding in their fields fall into this category. You must have at least three years in your field and international recognition. The reason for coming to the country must be to work towards a tenured or comparable position.
You may fall into this subgroup if you have special skills or abilities. Athletes, scientists, artists, business people, and those in education may be part of this group. You need to have received awards or recognition for your abilities.
Managers and executives
The last subgroup is for business people who are executive or manager level workers. You need to work for the employer in some capacity for at least one year within the last three years to be eligible. Your work must be at the manager or executive level and your work when coming to the U.S. must also be at this level.
Keep in mind that no matter what preference category you fall into, your potential employer must be the one to apply and seek the visa.